Points to be remembered who are participating for SAEINDIA BAJA event for the first time?

It will be a whole lot of new experience and roller coaster ride for your team.

Some of the points that you can keep in your mind are:-

  • You have started this to learn something which your engineering courses will add up to it. Don’t go for shortcuts. Learn to Improvise and Adapt.
  • Everything is here to sort out don’t hurry for design, team building, finances.
  • The most important point is to keep your Basics and ethics correct and aligned towards your goal.
  • Follow some goods teams of India and International, so you can cope up with the new design and current trends.
  • Start early, time is a big barrier. Use it effectively. For starters they think that we will cover it in end but if you have to take my advice start early. Because design needs and will take time.
  • In start never think that who is not supporting you. Be positive and keep pushing the limits. Never Quit.
  • Don’t go for big targets, break it into pieces and move according to plan. Eg., You can not design the whole chassis in a day you have to start with a link and that matters the most.
  • Keep teams communication above all, talk to all the members about every plan and action. You will understand it’s importance after some time. ( DONT GO FOR INDIVIDUAL FELICITATIONS).
  • If doubt asks, don’t make personal decisions. Follow the BAJA Forum.
  • Hard work to Work Hard.

What do anyone gain from SAEINDIA Events?

SAE Events are a lot more than a learning experience. It’s a life and personality changing decision.

You might not experience it in your first year or work in the team at a junior level. But, as you be a part of a team for a few more years and are given the responsibility for the whole car/team, Car/Buggy starts becoming your life your passion for your love. It gives you theoretical knowledge, practical application of the textbooks, hands-on experience with the machines, and national level exposure to other teams. Along with it, it enhances your soft skills like team and time management, leadership skills, teamwork, self-confidence.

The entire project is full of frequent ups and downs which are breathtaking but yet exciting. It makes you realize the extent of your limits and achieve you to cross them further. It is a year of complete productivity that will get the efficient, sincere and confident part out of you.

What is the procedure for the calculation of the diameter of the drive shaft of a BAJA buggy?

Yes, there is a procedure in our design book.

If you are going to build a BAJA buggy you have to go reverse that is by applying Market availability of drive shaft. Whatever you calculate is impractical or not available in the market. So the best procedure is to do a market study and then decide. Do reverse engineering. The overall calculation is based on torque and speed. Always remember your theoretical knowledge is important but not always useful for practical purposes.

How can SAEINDIA BAJA helps to get placement?

Let’s first talk about direct placements. As a 3rd year and 4th year UG if you participate in SAE BAJA and make the cut of being one of the best academic students, and cleared BAJA Aptitude Test you get to be a part of the placement procedure by the various automotive companies that come for recruiting. There are many renowned companies that come for recruitment at the event. It’s called HR Meet.

Next, talking from the perspective of participating in BAJA alone will expose you to knowledge beyond the college curriculum. Add to that the experience of building your very own vehicle. After this, whichever automotive company or its ancillaries you apply in you have all the relevant knowledge and experience to be recruited. Moreover, the various companies that come at the event can provide you the network you’ll need to contact a company of your choice. So in this way participating in SAE BAJA will help you with recruitment.

SAE BAJA gives you good practical exposure in terms of vehicle design, Suspension design, and chassis design which are great skills to pick up. They will surely be helpful in your placements.

But, If you are going to BAJA for the sake of placement please don’t join the team. There are 24 other people in the team who are making a car out of passion and not just for the one line in there resume you’ll slow them down.

How to balance your time between your studies and SAEINDIA Events?

Well, it is very hard. Believe me, it’s not only about studies and BAJA but also about other stuff. I don’t get time for anything else than these two.

I will tell you about my routine.

10 am to 4 pm we have college and not supposed to do any activities related to BAJA. So we can only continue after 4 pm. Then we are in our workshop generally till 8 pm, as submissions of reports started it goes till midnight and as event date comes closer it goes till morning.

So you can see it is very hard to manage even these two things and forget about other stuff. What I have experienced is, you attend lectures regularly that will take care of your academics and after 4 pm focus on BAJA, that’s it. Apart from that I never get a chance to hang out with my friends or go out on weekends or to give time for hobbies or attend family functions or simply for sleeping.

Many of my friends complain to me about not giving them replies on time or not calling them or not even receiving their call and then call back or not even message them. Simply because I can’t. But still, I make sure that I at least give replies on time.

If you are willing to do both BAJA and academics you will also have to sacrifice many things like me otherwise you will end up with nothing in your hand…

But the most effective thing I do to manage my time is I write down my short term goals, long term goals, the things I am supposed to do from an academics point of view and from BAJA’s point of view and I try to follow it closely so that I don’t waste my time.

Were you a part of SAE events like Formula SAE/BAJA, and despite giving your best, you never won?

I was part of SAE Baja for two years.

First-year the team was new. Not a single member had any clue about the events and how things were going to be during the event. So we did great in virtuals of last year’s event. We got through it. We tried to do everything we could. Designed our own hubs and knuckle. But for other departments, we relied upon the OEMs including a manual gearbox and Coilover shocks. For us clearing the technical round was no less than an achievement. We did well. That’s all I can say.

Baja SAE India 2016

For the second year, that is this year’s event, we knew exactly what were our strengths, weaknesses, where we could and should improve, what changes should be done, when to do what, what all things should be done and what shouldn’t be. But every single time when you explore new realms you are bound to face the difficulties.


We faced difficulties in fetching the sponsorship last year from that we learned a lesson. And approached hundreds of businessmen. Did try new techniques to raise the funds and to fetch the sponsorship. For example

  • We printed calendars, for that we worked out for almost two months to get the advertisements.
  • I took the classes of SolidWorks and raised money through it.
  • Rented our driver’s kit to other teams.
  • Gave away the projects.
  • Fetched sponsors.
  • Did crowdfunding.

Well, most of the things might not be new to most of the teams but we know that was unprecedented as long as our team was concerned. Also to achieve what we achieved in a city like Bhopal is something we can be proud of ourselves.


We did major changes in suspension, roll cage and drivetrain.

  • Almost every single team goes with Fox suspension. We all know how expensive they are. And looking at our financial problems, we wanted something which would be cheaper but would give a great performance as compared to Fox. So we chose Radlfo shocks.
  • In addition, we were designing the gearbox for the very first time. And for that, we faced tons and thousands of problems. We approached every single person we could. Right from other teams to people who have actually worked upon automobile gearbox and CVTs. But still, it took us December end to get the gearbox manufactured. Yes, you read it right. Our event was in Pritampur and just two weeks before the event rather a week before the transportation of our vehicle. So in a week, we assembled the whole powertrain. And owing to our correct CAD assembly everything turned out to be perfect or at least seemed until we started facing issues with driveshafts. So just two days before, somehow we fixed it. And got our vehicle running. And we didn’t get time to practice at all.
  • As it was done just two days before the transportation, we didn’t get time to work on our brakes and you might be knowing how important it is to work on brakes. Even top teams struggle to clear brake test. We were risking everything.
  • We had customized hubs from the last year’s. So we had problems with CNC manufacturing. And that was horrible. We were gaining a lot of camber because of that during cornering. Camber links turned out to be a savior.

Journey to event

The team’s journey to Pritampur was full of a roller-coaster ride. It was amazing. Even the return journey was memorable. But one incidence tops everything.

I lost my bag at a station. The bag which had my laptop, every single team member’s college id, the bond, insurance papers and driving licenses of both the drivers, SAE Id cards of all the members. We somehow got it.

Main Event

Day 1

Everything seemed quiet in our hands on the first day. We got our engine checked which took a longer time than what we had anticipated. And we got our first technical check with only one or two modifications to be done. But there is one more thing to remember the day for – CAE. We didn’t know we were one of the nine teams to get shortlisted for CAE, in fact, we were the first one. We weren’t prepared at all. Our room was some 32km away from college. We told our vice-captain to make a poster and come. Clueless about where to print the poster, he somehow found one place and got it till afternoon and CAE went well. We must have been in the top three or four if not the winners.

Cost round went okay and we stood 15th.

Sales went amazing but to our surprise, we got fewer marks. We wanted to protest as we were damn sure of our performance but couldn’t do it in time.

Day 2

It started on a good note with we clearing our technical inspection. But just when we were thinking today is going to be our day, things started getting out of our hands. We could only lock 2 wheels. We were testing the whole day to get all those four fucking wheels locked but it seemed an impossible task. Our faculty advisor was doing everything he could with his experience, knowledge and we were doing bleeding of all the four wheels once again with the techniques our sir was telling us. But it was all to no avail.

Then just when they were announcing the brake test would be closed in half an hour, our accelerator cable snapped. Somehow with jugaad we managed to do it. And cleared our brake test.

Just when we were moving from brakes test to dynamics event, they closed every dynamic event. But we requested for acceleration and they agreed. We gave our attempt and were the last ones to do so. We were 11th in acceleration.

The design event was horrible. They pointed out very small things. Like the number of threads protruding after the nut, routing of hoses, etc.

Day 3 (D-day)

Just when we were excited about being in Endurance and not facing problems we had anticipated so far, our batteries drained. Both of them, including one in spare. We took a new from our friend’s team and even that drained. We were told to sort it out. Every single coordinator/judge was stopping by our vehicle when we were trying to sort it out while in the grid. Fortunately, our team members could get it in time from Indore city. Only we know what a horrible experience it was!!

The race started and after the first trial lap(formation lap) our driver lost the track and he came to the initial position where it started the race. We lost valuable time.

After a few laps, we took the sigh of relief only to find out our vehicle had not completed the lap in the last 20 minutes. It wasn’t even in pits. We told the Marshall and he contacted there and we got to know that we had some breakdown. We knew what it was. It was driveshafts. They took a lot of time to tow our vehicle to pit. We lost half-hour in that only. Once the vehicle was in pits we took the feedback from the driver and told him what to do and what not to do even though he already knew our strategy. We made a new driveshaft and welded it. It took 45 mins.

We were again in the race and this time we were confident as apart from that there was nothing else we had anticipated to fail. Only that half shaft was supposed to fail and it failed. But as we fixed even that we knew we could race till last.

But what endurance it is if you don’t face problems? We again had problems with CVT and it was because of only one bolt. Because of that the CVT belt and secondary pulley got displaced. The belt was getting crushed between casing and pulley. We fixed even that in 10–15 mins. If that sounds easy, imagine working with a belt and pulley which are hot as a frying pan.

After that, we ran like anything and stood 10th in Endurance.

From overall 104th in last year’s event to overall 17th.

From 96th in acceleration in the last years to 11th.

From 100th in cost, last year’s top 15th this year.

From backing out after 3 laps and incurring a penalty of 100 points in Endurance in last year to finishing 10th.

I guess it all was no less than an achievement to me.

Did we do our best? – I don’t know. Probably we did more than that. After facing all sorts of problems to overcoming all those and finishing the race I guess we can call it a win. A win which wasn’t awarded with any trophy or money but with a sense of happiness on all of our faces. A win where we could bring a smile and sense of satisfaction on our faculty advisor’s face. We faced all the problems like a team. Never blamed anyone for their mistakes but patted everyone for their great jobs. We lived it like a separate life which will probably never be lived once again but we made it count. From sleepless nights and countless days to finish it like a boss, I guess we won. And if that doesn’t sound like a win I don’t what would…

Summer Training Programme 2020


BAJA Tutor in association with DIYguru will be conducting BAJA Summer Training 2020, Program on “BAJA ATV Design & Manufacturing” for mBAJA and eBAJA at selected locations in India.

Training Duration : 16 Days

Training Venue :




Training Module :

3 Days – Basics of Automotive Engineering + Vehicle Dynamics
5 Days – Design & Analysis (CATIA + SolidWorks + ANSYS + ADAMS Car + Lotus)
8 Days – Manufacturing of ATV (Re-Engineering + Assembly + Welding + Testing)

Accommodation  Fee : 3,000 Rs

Training Fee : 8000 Rs + Taxes

Certification : Certificate of Industrial Training from PHD Chamber of Commerce & Industry India, Maruti Suzuki & DIYguru

No. of seats : 30

Registration Link : Click Here

Contact : bajatutor@gmail.com

BAJA Tutor training & workshops in the Media :




Steering Wheel for BAJA SAE

If you are looking for Steering wheel that fits into your BAJA Buggy. It is best advisable to make your own.
Try making it from Balsa Wood or Carbon Fibre, these are significantly lighter too.

There are many different ways of making it, but if this is going to be your first experience with composites, we would recommend you start with something easier. Flat panels for skidplates or number panels are the easiest to learn on, and most forgiving. Complicated geometry with complex loadings like a steering wheel should be reserved for when you are comfortable working with the materials and have a good idea about what is good and bad for it structurally.

Here is a short video of Formula SAE(FSAE) – Carbon fiber steering wheel fabrication :

How To Make Your Own Carbon Fiber (Fibre) Parts. –

To go with the pre-made aluminum Steering wheel – https://www.autowalaparts.com/t/steering-wheel/


Since our main focus is towards their use in an ATV, this article deals with the pros and cons of both the joints in an ATV. For those who have no idea about these two joints, the pictures below shall feed their brains.

Ball Joint
Helm Joint







Ball joints are strong up and down but have limited angular movement. The ball and socket joint in human body that connects our leg bone to your hipbone, so goes the ball and socket joint that holds the front suspension of your vehicle together.  Your leg can move up and down, and side to side, the automotive ball joint enables the wheel and suspension to move together in the same manner. If you try to increase the angular movement, it may result it in weakening the joints to pull-out force since the cup doesn’t cover the ball’s neck area much. These require very less maintenance. They last longer and are cheaper than their counterpart. Most often well sealed Tie rod ends are used as ball joints. They have high serviceability but the Z-axis force is still less. These may also have springs under the cup to take up wear. This makes them good to use for tie rod ends but poor for ball joints.

Heim joints are known to be a little weaker, but with the correct offset spacers, they can reach much farther angles than ball joint. Camber/caster adjustments are relatively easier. Using it may be a boon/ curse as it depends on the accuracy of the suspension design. But perpendicular to the shafts (Z axis) they are comparatively weak. With boots, Heim are reliable. But without it, grits get into them and wears out easily.

To summarize, the heim joints shall be used where end to end use, serviceability is preferred and the

Ball joints shall be used where strength, low maintenance and life is given the first preference.

Ref- Replacing Ball JointBall joint maintenanceBall JointHistory of Heim JointHeim Joint